Music from Plants

Music from Plants

By -: Lakshika Jayawickrama

The concept of music produced by plants is based on the idea that plants produce electrical signals in response to various environmental stimuli, such as light, touch, or temperature changes.  These signals can be detected and interpreted to create music or sound space. However, some scientists state that the faint sounds are emitted because of their growth processes and these sounds can be translated into musical notes [1]. Plant Wave is the first of its kind to develop a technology and artistic project that converts the electrical signals generated by plants into music or sound. However, the PlantWave system typically involves using sensors that pick up the electrical signals from the plants. These signals are then converted and mapped into musical notes or sounds, allowing people to “listen” to the responses of the plants in the form of music [2].

Figure 1:  Original PlantWave Device | PlantWave[6]

The process of creating the sounds using the Plant Wave involves the following steps [4]:

  • Electrodes: The PlantWaves device incorporates electrodes that are attached to the leaves or stems of the plant. Thes electrodes detect the tiny electrical signals generated by the plant because of various physiological processes such as transpiration, photosynthesis, and responses to environmental stimuli.
  • Signal Amplification: The electrical signals picked up by the electrodes are generally very weak and require amplification to be converted into audible sounds. The PlantWave device uses electronic components to amplify these signals and prepare them for further processing.
  • Signal conversion: Once the electrical signals are amplified, they need to be converted into audible sounds that humans can hear. The devices utilize sound synthesis technique to translate the electrical variations into different tones, pitches, and frequencies.
  • Audio Output: After the signal conversion, the resulting sounds are played through speakers or headphones, allowing people to listen to the “music” created by plant. Each plant produces its unique set of sounds based on its species, health, and surrounding environment.
  • Interpretation: Enthusiasts and researchers using PlantWave engage in interpreting the sounds produced by the plant. They may observe changes in the sounds in response to different stimuli, such as light, touch, or temperature, to gain insights into the plant’s state and how it interacts with its environment [4].

The concept behind the sounds of PlantWave technology stems from the understanding that plants communicate and respond to their surroundings through electrical signals. Although the traditional means of communication used by plants differ from how humans communicate. This creative and artistic approach helps bridge the gap and foster a deeper connection between people and the natural world [4].

PlantWave and similar biofeedback devices have gained popularity as tools for artists, musicians, and nature enthusiasts to explore and appreciate the often unnoticed and underappreciated aspects of plants’ existence. It presents an innovative way to engage with nature and understand the interconnectedness of all living beings on our planet [1].

However, scientific evidence supporting the idea that plants intentionally create music is limited and heavily debated within the scientific community. Some proponents believe that plants produce sound or vibrations that can be captured and converted into music through specialized equipment. On the other hand, many scientists remain skeptical about the notion of “music” produced by plants [1].

Figure 2: The Secret Sounds of Mushroom[7]

As an example, mushrooms are an essential part of natural ecosystems, and certain species can be quite large and produce unique sounds as they grow and expand. “Mushroom music” could refer to recordings or compositions that incorporate the sounds of mushrooms growing in their natural environment. Some artists or musicians may create experimental or Avant – grade music inspired by mushrooms or psychedelic experiences associated with them. They might use the term “Mushroom music” to describe their unique and unconventional soundscapes [3].

And some musicians or artists may use “Venus flytrap music” as a theme or inspiration for their compositions. They can incorporate sounds, themes or images related to the Venus flytrap plant into their music. Given the curious nature of the Venus flytrap and its carnivorous behavior, “Venus flytrap music” can also be called an experimental music or sound project that explores the idea of translating plant interactions or physiological responses into music or soundscapes [5]. 

Figure 3: Venus Fly Trap[5]

Overall, these natural sounds are not only pleasant to the ears, but also have a therapeutic effect on many people, promoting relaxation, reducing stress, and improving overall well-being. Nature sounds are often used in meditation, relaxation techniques and sound therapy to create a sense of calm and connection with the environment. They serve as a reminder of the beauty and serenity of the natural world [2].


[1] S. Haigeny, “The lessons to be learn from forcing plants to play music,” Editor’s PICK, 20 february 2020. [Online]. Available: [Accessed 31 July 2023].
[2] M. E. K. C. H. L. L. H. B. Bae, “Update on the Effects of Sound Wave on Plants,” Research in Plant Desease, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 1 – 7, 2014.
[3] M. N. I. B. H. Mazidi1, “Comparison of Ultrasonic And Acoustic Sound Treatments on Grey Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus Sajor-caju) Cultivated on Sawdust And Kenaf Waste,” Material Science ad Technology, pp. 1 -12, 2020.
[4] C. Cox, “Developing a Multimedia Interface for Electrical Biosignal Interpretation,” Electrical and Electronics Commons, Music Performance Commons, Other Music, pp. 1 – 14, 2021.
[5] M. Honda, “Carnivorous Plants in the Wilderness,” HONDA, 03 June 2018. [Online]. Available: [Accessed 31 July 2023].
[6] “Ever heard a plant sing? A device called ‘PlantWave’ lets you tune into nature, literally,” Plant Wave, 01 October 2021. [Online]. Available: [Accessed 31 July 2023].
[7] A. Levy, “The Secret Sounds Of Mushrooms,” KUTUX 98.9, 26 April 2021. [Online]. Available: [Accessed 31 July 2023].